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The Garden Planting Calendar for Joplin, MO

Your vegetable planning guide for
Joplin, MO

On average, your frost-free growing season starts Apr 6 and ends Oct 25, totalling 202 days. You will find both Spring and Fall planting guides on this page.

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For the Spring:
Your planting strategy:
Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around February 24, assuming the ground can be worked, but it's better to start them indoors around January 27 and then transplant them into the garden around March 17. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Plant onion starts and potatoes around February 6. Sow the seeds of peas (sugar snap and english) at the same time. If the ground is still frozen, then plant these as soon as the ground thaws.

Do you want to grow tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants? Start these indoors around January 27. Then, around April 2 you should start watching the weather forecast and, as soon as no frost is forecast, go ahead and transplant those into the ground.

Now, for all the summer vegetables like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around April 6, or if your soil is still very cold, once the soil is near 60° F in temperature.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Asparagus   Feb 21 - Mar 7  
Beans     Apr 6 - May 4
Beets     Feb 10 - Feb 24
Broccoli Jan 27 - Feb 10 Mar 9 - Mar 23  
Brussel Sprouts Jan 27 - Feb 10 Mar 9 - Mar 23  
Cabbage Jan 27 - Feb 10 Mar 9 - Mar 23  
Cantaloupe     Mar 23 - Apr 6
Carrots     Feb 24 - Mar 23
Cauliflower Jan 27 - Feb 10 Mar 9 - Mar 23  
Chard     Feb 24 - Mar 9
Collards Jan 27 - Feb 10 Mar 9 - Mar 23  
Corn     Apr 6 - Apr 20
Cucumbers     Apr 6 - Apr 20
Eggplants Jan 27 - Feb 10 Apr 6 - Apr 20  
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins     Apr 6 - Apr 20
Kale Jan 27 - Feb 10 Mar 9 - Mar 23  
Kohlrabi Jan 27 - Feb 10 Mar 9 - Mar 23  
Lettuce Jan 27 - Feb 10 Feb 24 - Mar 23 Feb 24 - Mar 23
Mustard Jan 27 - Feb 10 Mar 9 - Mar 23  
Okra     Apr 6 - Apr 20
Onions Jan 20 - Jan 27 Feb 6 - Mar 7  
Peas (English)     Feb 6 - Mar 7
Peas (Southern)     Apr 6 - May 4
Peas (Sugar Snap)     Feb 6 - Mar 7
Peppers Jan 27 - Feb 10 Apr 6 - Apr 20  
Potatoes     Feb 6 - Mar 7
Radishes     Feb 21 - Apr 20
Spinach Jan 27 - Feb 10 Mar 9 - Mar 23 Feb 21 - Mar 23
Sweet Potatoes   Apr 6 - Apr 27  
Tomatoes Jan 27 - Feb 10 Apr 6 - Apr 20  
Watermelon     Apr 6 - Apr 20

For the Fall:
Your fall planting strategy:
Gardening in the fall can be much more challenging than spring planting, because you are in a race to get your crops mature and harvested before the winter frosts begin, around October 25. This means you need to consider how much time each variety needs between planting and picking. Those numbers vary widely between different varieties of the same kinds of plants! Usually the "Days to Harvest" are present on the seed packet.

Most tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, for example, require around 100 days to harvest, therefore you'd want to transplant those into the ground around July 17. Anyway, it's important to remember that the numbers in this fall planting guide are only a starting point for you! Good luck and good gardening to you.

Fall is the time to plant garlic. Around September 10, take your cloves apart and plant the toes about 3 inches deep.

Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around August 16, but because of the heat during that time of year, it's better to start them indoors around June 27 and then transplant them into the garden around August 6. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Sow peas directly around August 11.

Now, for all the usual hot weather veggies like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around July 12.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Beans     Jul 12 - Aug 11
Beets     Aug 11 - Sep 25
Broccoli May 31 - Jul 15 Jul 12 - Aug 26  
Brussel Sprouts May 31 - Jul 15 Jul 12 - Aug 26  
Cabbage May 31 - Jul 15 Jul 12 - Aug 26  
Cantaloupe     Jun 27 - Jul 12
Carrots     Jul 27 - Sep 25
Cauliflower May 31 - Jul 15 Jul 12 - Aug 26  
Chard     Jul 12 - Sep 25
Collards Jun 27 - Aug 11 Jul 27 - Sep 10  
Corn     Jul 12 - Jul 27
Cucumbers     Jul 12 - Jul 27
Eggplants May 16 - May 31 Jun 27 - Jul 12  
Garlic     Aug 11 - Sep 25
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins     Jun 12 - Jul 12
Kale May 31 - Jul 15 Jul 12 - Aug 26  
Kohlrabi May 31 - Jul 15 Jul 12 - Aug 26  
Lettuce Jul 27 - Aug 26 Aug 26 - Sep 25 Aug 26 - Sep 25
Mustard     Aug 26 - Sep 25
Okra     Jun 12 - Jul 12
Onions     Sep 25 - Oct 5
Parsley Jun 12 - Jul 27 Jul 27 - Sep 10  
Peas (English)     Jul 27 - Aug 26
Peas (Southern)     Jun 12 - Jul 12
Peas (Sugar Snap)     Jul 27 - Aug 26
Peppers May 21 - Jun 5 Jul 2 - Jul 17  
Potatoes     Jul 27 - Aug 26
Radishes     Aug 26 - Sep 25
Spinach Jul 12 - Aug 26 Aug 11 - Sep 25 Aug 11 - Sep 25
Tomatoes May 21 - Jun 5 Jul 2 - Jul 17  
Turnips     Sep 10 - Oct 10
Watermelon     Jun 12 - Jul 12

How accurate is all this? For nearly all locations, we are confident in the dates. There are, however, some difficult areas of the world that don't match up perfectly with the dates we have given. For that reason, we recommend you use this guide as a very good starting place, but don't interpret the dates as absolutely perfect for every location.

Did you find this useful? All Things Plants has a vast array of useful features. Check out the homepage to see more!

One final tip: you can compare our numbers with those at our friend Margaret Roach's website. She recently launched a garden calendar that has additional planting dates that we don' have. Check out her garden planting calendar on AWayToGarden.com. When it asks for your final spring frost date, just enter Apr 6 and you should be all set.

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