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The Garden Planting Calendar for Melbourne, Australia

Your vegetable planning guide for
Melbourne, Australia

On average, your frost-free growing season starts Sep 1 and ends May 30, totalling -94 days. You will find both Spring and Fall planting guides on this page.

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For the Spring:
Your planting strategy:
Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around July 21, assuming the ground can be worked, but it's better to start them indoors around June 23 and then transplant them into the garden around August 12. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Plant onion starts and potatoes around July 3. Sow the seeds of peas (sugar snap and english) at the same time. If the ground is still frozen, then plant these as soon as the ground thaws.

Do you want to grow tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants? Start these indoors around June 23. Then, around August 28 you should start watching the weather forecast and, as soon as no frost is forecast, go ahead and transplant those into the ground.

Now, for all the summer vegetables like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around September 1, or if your soil is still very cold, once the soil is near 60° F in temperature. Having said that, we note that your location has a shorter than average growing season. Many summer vegetables need more days to mature than your area will provide. For that reason, we recommend you get a head-start by starting these summer vegetables indoors around August 12, and transplant those seedlings out after the danger of frost is past.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Asparagus   Jul 18 - Aug 2  
Beans     Sep 1 - Sep 29
Beets     Jul 7 - Jul 21
Broccoli Jun 23 - Jul 7 Aug 4 - Aug 18  
Brussel Sprouts Jun 23 - Jul 7 Aug 4 - Aug 18  
Cabbage Jun 23 - Jul 7 Aug 4 - Aug 18  
Cantaloupe     Aug 18 - Sep 1
Carrots     Jul 21 - Aug 18
Cauliflower Jun 23 - Jul 7 Aug 4 - Aug 18  
Chard     Jul 21 - Aug 4
Collards Jun 23 - Jul 7 Aug 4 - Aug 18  
Corn     Sep 1 - Sep 15
Cucumbers     Sep 1 - Sep 15
Eggplants Jun 23 - Jul 7 Sep 1 - Sep 15  
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins     Sep 1 - Sep 15
Kale Jun 23 - Jul 7 Aug 4 - Aug 18  
Kohlrabi Jun 23 - Jul 7 Aug 4 - Aug 18  
Lettuce Jun 23 - Jul 7 Jul 21 - Aug 18 Jul 21 - Aug 18
Mustard Jun 23 - Jul 7 Aug 4 - Aug 18  
Okra     Sep 1 - Sep 15
Onions Jun 16 - Jun 23 Jul 3 - Aug 2  
Peas (English)     Jul 3 - Aug 2
Peas (Southern)     Sep 1 - Sep 29
Peas (Sugar Snap)     Jul 3 - Aug 2
Peppers Jun 23 - Jul 7 Sep 1 - Sep 15  
Potatoes     Jul 3 - Aug 2
Radishes     Jul 18 - Sep 15
Spinach Jun 23 - Jul 7 Aug 4 - Aug 18 Jul 18 - Aug 18
Sweet Potatoes   Sep 1 - Sep 22  
Tomatoes Jun 23 - Jul 7 Sep 1 - Sep 15  
Watermelon     Sep 1 - Sep 15

For the Fall:
Your fall planting strategy:
Gardening in the fall can be much more challenging than spring planting, because you are in a race to get your crops mature and harvested before the winter frosts begin, around May 30. This means you need to consider how much time each variety needs between planting and picking. Those numbers vary widely between different varieties of the same kinds of plants! Usually the "Days to Harvest" are present on the seed packet.

Most tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, for example, require around 100 days to harvest, therefore you'd want to transplant those into the ground around February 20. Anyway, it's important to remember that the numbers in this fall planting guide are only a starting point for you! Good luck and good gardening to you.

Fall is the time to plant garlic. Around April 15, take your cloves apart and plant the toes about 3 inches deep.

Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around March 21, but because of the heat during that time of year, it's better to start them indoors around January 31 and then transplant them into the garden around March 11. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Sow peas directly around March 16.

Now, for all the usual hot weather veggies like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around February 15.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Beans     Feb 15 - Mar 16
Beets     Mar 16 - Apr 30
Broccoli Jan 4 - Feb 18 Feb 15 - Mar 31  
Brussel Sprouts Jan 4 - Feb 18 Feb 15 - Mar 31  
Cabbage Jan 4 - Feb 18 Feb 15 - Mar 31  
Cantaloupe     Jan 31 - Feb 15
Carrots     Mar 1 - Apr 30
Cauliflower Jan 4 - Feb 18 Feb 15 - Mar 31  
Chard     Feb 15 - Apr 30
Collards Jan 31 - Mar 16 Mar 1 - Apr 15  
Corn     Feb 15 - Mar 1
Cucumbers     Feb 15 - Mar 1
Eggplants Dec 20 - Jan 4 Jan 31 - Feb 15  
Garlic     Mar 16 - Apr 30
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins     Jan 16 - Feb 15
Kale Jan 4 - Feb 18 Feb 15 - Mar 31  
Kohlrabi Jan 4 - Feb 18 Feb 15 - Mar 31  
Lettuce Mar 1 - Mar 31 Mar 31 - Apr 30 Mar 31 - Apr 30
Mustard     Mar 31 - Apr 30
Okra     Jan 16 - Feb 15
Onions     Apr 30 - May 10
Parsley Jan 16 - Mar 1 Mar 1 - Apr 15  
Peas (English)     Mar 1 - Mar 31
Peas (Southern)     Jan 16 - Feb 15
Peas (Sugar Snap)     Mar 1 - Mar 31
Peppers Dec 25 - Jan 9 Feb 5 - Feb 20  
Potatoes     Mar 1 - Mar 31
Radishes     Mar 31 - Apr 30
Spinach Feb 15 - Mar 31 Mar 16 - Apr 30 Mar 16 - Apr 30
Tomatoes Dec 25 - Jan 9 Feb 5 - Feb 20  
Turnips     Apr 15 - May 15
Watermelon     Jan 16 - Feb 15

How accurate is all this? For nearly all locations, we are confident in the dates. There are, however, some difficult areas of the world that don't match up perfectly with the dates we have given. For that reason, we recommend you use this guide as a very good starting place, but don't interpret the dates as absolutely perfect for every location.

Did you find this useful? All Things Plants has a vast array of useful features. Check out the homepage to see more!

One final tip: you can compare our numbers with those at our friend Margaret Roach's website. She recently launched a garden calendar that has additional planting dates that we don' have. Check out her garden planting calendar on AWayToGarden.com. When it asks for your final spring frost date, just enter Sep 1 and you should be all set.

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Times are presented in US Central Standard Time
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