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The Garden Planting Calendar for Omaha, NE

Your vegetable planning guide for
Omaha, NE

On average, your frost-free growing season starts Apr 29 and ends Oct 2, totalling 156 days. You will find both Spring and Fall planting guides on this page.

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For the Spring:
Your planting strategy:
Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around March 18, assuming the ground can be worked, but it's better to start them indoors around February 19 and then transplant them into the garden around April 9. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Plant onion starts and potatoes around February 29. Sow the seeds of peas (sugar snap and english) at the same time. If the ground is still frozen, then plant these as soon as the ground thaws.

Do you want to grow tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants? Start these indoors around February 19. Then, around April 25 you should start watching the weather forecast and, as soon as no frost is forecast, go ahead and transplant those into the ground.

Now, for all the summer vegetables like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around April 29, or if your soil is still very cold, once the soil is near 60° F in temperature.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Asparagus   Mar 15 - Mar 30  
Beans     Apr 29 - May 27
Beets     Mar 4 - Mar 18
Broccoli Feb 19 - Mar 4 Apr 1 - Apr 15  
Brussel Sprouts Feb 19 - Mar 4 Apr 1 - Apr 15  
Cabbage Feb 19 - Mar 4 Apr 1 - Apr 15  
Cantaloupe     Apr 15 - Apr 29
Carrots     Mar 18 - Apr 15
Cauliflower Feb 19 - Mar 4 Apr 1 - Apr 15  
Chard     Mar 18 - Apr 1
Collards Feb 19 - Mar 4 Apr 1 - Apr 15  
Corn     Apr 29 - May 13
Cucumbers     Apr 29 - May 13
Eggplants Feb 19 - Mar 4 Apr 29 - May 13  
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins     Apr 29 - May 13
Kale Feb 19 - Mar 4 Apr 1 - Apr 15  
Kohlrabi Feb 19 - Mar 4 Apr 1 - Apr 15  
Lettuce Feb 19 - Mar 4 Mar 18 - Apr 15 Mar 18 - Apr 15
Mustard Feb 19 - Mar 4 Apr 1 - Apr 15  
Okra     Apr 29 - May 13
Onions Feb 12 - Feb 19 Feb 29 - Mar 30  
Peas (English)     Feb 29 - Mar 30
Peas (Southern)     Apr 29 - May 27
Peas (Sugar Snap)     Feb 29 - Mar 30
Peppers Feb 19 - Mar 4 Apr 29 - May 13  
Potatoes     Feb 29 - Mar 30
Radishes     Mar 15 - May 13
Spinach Feb 19 - Mar 4 Apr 1 - Apr 15 Mar 15 - Apr 15
Sweet Potatoes   Apr 29 - May 20  
Tomatoes Feb 19 - Mar 4 Apr 29 - May 13  
Watermelon     Apr 29 - May 13

For the Fall:
Your fall planting strategy:
Gardening in the fall can be much more challenging than spring planting, because you are in a race to get your crops mature and harvested before the winter frosts begin, around October 2. This means you need to consider how much time each variety needs between planting and picking. Those numbers vary widely between different varieties of the same kinds of plants! Usually the "Days to Harvest" are present on the seed packet.

Most tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, for example, require around 100 days to harvest, therefore you'd want to transplant those into the ground around June 24. Anyway, it's important to remember that the numbers in this fall planting guide are only a starting point for you! Good luck and good gardening to you.

Fall is the time to plant garlic. Around August 18, take your cloves apart and plant the toes about 3 inches deep.

Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around July 24, but because of the heat during that time of year, it's better to start them indoors around June 4 and then transplant them into the garden around July 14. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Sow peas directly around July 19.

Now, for all the usual hot weather veggies like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around June 19.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Beans     Jun 19 - Jul 19
Beets     Jul 19 - Sep 2
Broccoli May 8 - Jun 22 Jun 19 - Aug 3  
Brussel Sprouts May 8 - Jun 22 Jun 19 - Aug 3  
Cabbage May 8 - Jun 22 Jun 19 - Aug 3  
Cantaloupe     Jun 4 - Jun 19
Carrots     Jul 4 - Sep 2
Cauliflower May 8 - Jun 22 Jun 19 - Aug 3  
Chard     Jun 19 - Sep 2
Collards Jun 4 - Jul 19 Jul 4 - Aug 18  
Corn     Jun 19 - Jul 4
Cucumbers     Jun 19 - Jul 4
Eggplants Apr 23 - May 8 Jun 4 - Jun 19  
Garlic     Jul 19 - Sep 2
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins     May 20 - Jun 19
Kale May 8 - Jun 22 Jun 19 - Aug 3  
Kohlrabi May 8 - Jun 22 Jun 19 - Aug 3  
Lettuce Jul 4 - Aug 3 Aug 3 - Sep 2 Aug 3 - Sep 2
Mustard     Aug 3 - Sep 2
Okra     May 20 - Jun 19
Onions     Sep 2 - Sep 12
Parsley May 20 - Jul 4 Jul 4 - Aug 18  
Peas (English)     Jul 4 - Aug 3
Peas (Southern)     May 20 - Jun 19
Peas (Sugar Snap)     Jul 4 - Aug 3
Peppers Apr 28 - May 13 Jun 9 - Jun 24  
Potatoes     Jul 4 - Aug 3
Radishes     Aug 3 - Sep 2
Spinach Jun 19 - Aug 3 Jul 19 - Sep 2 Jul 19 - Sep 2
Tomatoes Apr 28 - May 13 Jun 9 - Jun 24  
Turnips     Aug 18 - Sep 17
Watermelon     May 20 - Jun 19

How accurate is all this? For nearly all locations, we are confident in the dates. There are, however, some difficult areas of the world that don't match up perfectly with the dates we have given. For that reason, we recommend you use this guide as a very good starting place, but don't interpret the dates as absolutely perfect for every location.

Did you find this useful? All Things Plants has a vast array of useful features. Check out the homepage to see more!

One final tip: you can compare our numbers with those at our friend Margaret Roach's website. She recently launched a garden calendar that has additional planting dates that we don' have. Check out her garden planting calendar on AWayToGarden.com. When it asks for your final spring frost date, just enter Apr 29 and you should be all set.

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