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Gardening for Butterflies, Birds and Bees forum: Reference thread for planting for butterflies

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Views: 2956, Replies: 78 » Jump to the end
Name: Sheryl
Hot, hot, hot, Feenix, AZ (Zone 9b)
Charter ATP Member Region: Southwest Gardening Keeps Horses Dog Lover Cat Lover Permaculture
Butterflies Birds Cottage Gardener Forum moderator Herbs I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database!
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sheryl
Nov 27, 2011 9:57 AM CST

Moderator

Please post both larval and adult attracting plants, preferably with the type of BF that it attracts. We will update and edit the first post to contain the list, so feel free to chatter and question in your posts.

Want to attract a specific type of Butterfly?

Anise Swallowtail (Papilio zelicaon) Sweet Fennel, Lomatium, Citrus
Black Swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes) - Parsley, Green Fennel, Dill and Rue.
Buckeye (Junonia coenia) - Plantain, Snapdragon, Toadflax, and false loosestrifes
Cabbage Whites (Pieris rapae) -Cabbage, Radish, Mustard, Peppergrass, and related plants
Checkered skipper (Pyrgus communis) Mallow, hollyhock
Checkered white (Pontia protodice) Mustard family
Clouded sulfur (Colias philodice) Alfalfa, clover
Common Hairstreak (Hypolycaena philippus) Mallow family , hollyhock , rose and marsh mallows
Common Snout Butterfly (Libytheana bachmanii or carinenta) Hackberry
Dogface Butterfly ((Zerene eurydice) Lead plant, false indigo, prairie clover
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio glaucus) Sycamore, willow
Giant Swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes) Rue, Prickly Ash, Hop Tree, Seville Orange Citrus tree
Grizzled Skipper (Pyrgus centaureae) Agrimonia eupatoria (also for the snout moth Endotricha flammealis)
Monarch (Danaus plexippus) Milkweed sp.
Mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) Willow, aspen, cottonwood, elm
Olive Skipper (Pyrgus serratulae) C nninquefoils
Orange sulfur (Colias eurytheme) Alfalfa, vetch, pea
Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui) Thistle, hollyhock, sunflower
Pale Swallowtail (Papilio eurymedon) Redberry, California Coffeeberry, California Lilac, Holly-leafed Cherry
Question Mark (Polygonia interrogationis) Nettle, elm, hackberry, hops, false nettles
Red Admiral (Vanessa atalanta) Nettle, false nettle, pellitory
Red-spotted Purple (Limenitis arthemis astyanax )Wild cherry, oak, poplar, hawthorn, willow
Silver-spotted skipper (Epargyreus clarus) Wild licorice, locust
Spicebush Swallowtail (Papilio troilus) Spice bush, sassafrass
Tawny Emperor (Asterocampa clyton) Tree sap, Rotting fruit, Dung, Carrion
Two-tailed Swallowtail (Papilio multicaudata) Green ash, chokecherry
Variegated Fritillary (Euptoieta claudia) Passifloras, pansy
Viceroy Butterfly (Limenitis archippus) Willow, poplar, apple
Weidemeyer's Admiral (Limenitis weidemeyerii) Willow, aspen, cottonwood
Western Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio rutulus) Willow, cottonwood, chokecherry
Wood nymph (Cercyonis pegala) Grasses: beard grasses, Poverty Oatgrass, Kentucky Bluegrass, Schizachyrium sp. – bluestems, Purple top
Zebra Swallowtail (Protographium marcellus) Pawpaw tree (Younger plants preferred)

Larval or Host Plants (meaning plants that BFs lay eggs on and that feed the catepillars until time to mature into a BF - sometimes the only plant a particular BF will use)
- Aristolochia sp.(Pipevine) for Pipevine Swallowtail butterfly
- Asclepias sp. (Milkweed, butterfly weed, etc.) for Monarch & Queens
- Asimina species (Pawpaws) host for the Zebra Swallowtail
- Lindera benzoin (Spicebush) for spicebush swallowtail Papilio troilus, and the promethea silkmoth, Callosamia promethea
- Liriodendron tulipifera (Tulip tree or yellow poplar) Tiger Swallowtails
- Magnolia virginiana, (Sweet Bay Magnolias) Tiger Swallowtails
- Passiflora sp. (Passionflower) for Zebra Heliconian (Heliconius charitronius,) Julia Heliconius (Dryas iulia,) Gulf Fritillary (Agraulis vanillae,) and Variegated Fritillary (Euptoieta claudia)
- Ptelea trifoliata (Hop Tree/Wafer Ash) for Giant Swallowtails and Tiger Swallowtails
- Senna (or Cassia) alata for Sleepy Orange, Cloudless Sulphur, and Orange-barred Sulphur.


Adult Plants (meaning nectar sources for the BFs)
- Asclepias sp. (Milkweed, butterfly weed, etc.) for Swallowtails, Monarchs, American Ladies, Hairstreaks and more.
- Aster sp.
- Buddleja sp (Butterfly bush)
- Echinacea sp. (Coneflower)
- Conoclinium or Eupatorium greggii (West Texas Mist Flower) for Queen Butterfly (Danaus gillipus) or Monarchs
- Lantana sp.
- Verbena sp.
- Zinnia sp.

Thanks to contributers: kqrna, SongofJoy, stephGtx, LindaTX8, Shelia FW, Sandnsea2.
In the end, only kindness matters.

Science is not the answer, it is the question.


[Last edited by sheryl at Dec 8, 2011 9:50 PM CST (+)]
Give a thumbs up | Quote | Post #182493 (1)
Name: Karen
Cincinnati, Oh (Zone 6a)
Forum moderator I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database! Cut Flowers Winter Sowing Charter ATP Member Seed Starter
Echinacea Plant and/or Seed Trader Region: Ohio Region: United States of America Butterflies Hummingbirder
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kqcrna
Nov 28, 2011 6:40 AM CST
Host plant: Asclepias sp.- Monarch butterflies

Karen
Name: Sheryl
Hot, hot, hot, Feenix, AZ (Zone 9b)
Charter ATP Member Region: Southwest Gardening Keeps Horses Dog Lover Cat Lover Permaculture
Butterflies Birds Cottage Gardener Forum moderator Herbs I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database!
Image
sheryl
Nov 28, 2011 7:37 AM CST

Moderator

Thanks, Karen - of course!
In the end, only kindness matters.

Science is not the answer, it is the question.


Name: Tee
TN (Zone 7a)
Crazy cat woman
Cat Lover Lover of wildlife (Raccoon badge) Butterflies Birds Dragonflies Hummingbirder
Bee Lover Frogs and Toads Garden Ideas: Master Level I helped plan and beta test the plant database. I helped beta test the Garden Planting Calendar I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database!
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SongofJoy
Nov 28, 2011 7:49 AM CST
We have Liriodendron/Tulip Trees all over the place here. It reseeds like crazy. And we also have gobs of Tiger Swallowtails to go with them. Big Grin Ditto on Lindera and Spicebush bf. Big Grin
Member: Tennessee Native Plant Society and The Gesneriad Society
March to the beat of your own drum // "We kids feared many things in those days - werewolves, dentists, North Koreans, Sunday School - but they all paled in comparison with Brussels sprouts." ~~Dave Barry
Name: Sheryl
Hot, hot, hot, Feenix, AZ (Zone 9b)
Charter ATP Member Region: Southwest Gardening Keeps Horses Dog Lover Cat Lover Permaculture
Butterflies Birds Cottage Gardener Forum moderator Herbs I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database!
Image
sheryl
Nov 28, 2011 8:10 AM CST

Moderator

I can hardly wait until my Tuliptree is big enough to bloom!!!
In the end, only kindness matters.

Science is not the answer, it is the question.


Name: Stephanie Gonzales
Texas (Zone 8a)
Charter ATP Member I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database! Permaculture Dog Lover Hummingbirder Cat Lover
Region: Texas Seed Starter Lover of wildlife (Black bear badge) Butterflies Plant and/or Seed Trader
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StephGTx
Nov 28, 2011 8:04 PM CST
Don't forget the Passifloras for the Gulf Fritilary's Lovey dubby

Oh .. and the west Tx mist flower for nectar (butterfly magnet!!!)
Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence.
[Last edited by StephGTx at Nov 28, 2011 8:05 PM CST (+)]
Give a thumbs up | Quote | Post #183080 (6)
Name: Sheryl
Hot, hot, hot, Feenix, AZ (Zone 9b)
Charter ATP Member Region: Southwest Gardening Keeps Horses Dog Lover Cat Lover Permaculture
Butterflies Birds Cottage Gardener Forum moderator Herbs I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database!
Image
sheryl
Nov 28, 2011 8:16 PM CST

Moderator

Good ones, Steph!

Mist flower... mist flower.... mist flower?

Ah, got it - westtexasmist flower!
In the end, only kindness matters.

Science is not the answer, it is the question.


[Last edited by sheryl at Nov 28, 2011 8:18 PM CST (+)]
Give a thumbs up | Quote | Post #183092 (7)
Name: Stephanie Gonzales
Texas (Zone 8a)
Charter ATP Member I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database! Permaculture Dog Lover Hummingbirder Cat Lover
Region: Texas Seed Starter Lover of wildlife (Black bear badge) Butterflies Plant and/or Seed Trader
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StephGTx
Nov 28, 2011 8:27 PM CST
How about Dill and Bronze Fennel, can't forget those either, host plants.
Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence.
Name: Sheryl
Hot, hot, hot, Feenix, AZ (Zone 9b)
Charter ATP Member Region: Southwest Gardening Keeps Horses Dog Lover Cat Lover Permaculture
Butterflies Birds Cottage Gardener Forum moderator Herbs I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database!
Image
sheryl
Nov 28, 2011 8:28 PM CST

Moderator

Que bueno, gracias!
In the end, only kindness matters.

Science is not the answer, it is the question.


Name: Linda
Medina Co., TX (Zone 8a)
Charter ATP Member Salvias Herbs Bluebonnets Native Plants and Wildflowers Lover of wildlife (Raccoon badge)
Forum moderator Purslane Hummingbirder Cat Lover Butterflies Birds
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LindaTX8
Nov 28, 2011 9:16 PM CST
Other host plants for Black Swallowtail cats...parsley, Green Fennel and Rue. Rue is also used by the Giant Swallowtail cats.
I would feel more optimistic about a bright future for man if he spent less time proving that he can outwit Nature and more time tasting her sweetness and respecting her seniority.
E. B. White
Name: Sheryl
Hot, hot, hot, Feenix, AZ (Zone 9b)
Charter ATP Member Region: Southwest Gardening Keeps Horses Dog Lover Cat Lover Permaculture
Butterflies Birds Cottage Gardener Forum moderator Herbs I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database!
Image
sheryl
Nov 28, 2011 9:28 PM CST

Moderator

Thank you, ma'am!
In the end, only kindness matters.

Science is not the answer, it is the question.


Name: Karen
Cincinnati, Oh (Zone 6a)
Forum moderator I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database! Cut Flowers Winter Sowing Charter ATP Member Seed Starter
Echinacea Plant and/or Seed Trader Region: Ohio Region: United States of America Butterflies Hummingbirder
Image
kqcrna
Nov 29, 2011 7:19 PM CST
More host plants, lots of 'em.
http://butterflybushes.com/butterfly_host_plants.htm

Karen
Name: Sheryl
Hot, hot, hot, Feenix, AZ (Zone 9b)
Charter ATP Member Region: Southwest Gardening Keeps Horses Dog Lover Cat Lover Permaculture
Butterflies Birds Cottage Gardener Forum moderator Herbs I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database!
Image
sheryl
Nov 29, 2011 7:49 PM CST

Moderator

Thanks, Karen!
In the end, only kindness matters.

Science is not the answer, it is the question.


Name: Sheila F
Fort Worth TX (Zone 8a)
Charter ATP Member Tip Photographer Garden Ideas: Level 2 I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database! Region: Texas Butterflies
Garden Art Ponds Dog Lover Hummingbirder Birds The WITWIT Badge
Sheila_FW
Nov 30, 2011 9:37 AM CST
That is a retail site, not really a list from what I am seeing.
Name: Tee
TN (Zone 7a)
Crazy cat woman
Cat Lover Lover of wildlife (Raccoon badge) Butterflies Birds Dragonflies Hummingbirder
Bee Lover Frogs and Toads Garden Ideas: Master Level I helped plan and beta test the plant database. I helped beta test the Garden Planting Calendar I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database!
Image
SongofJoy
Nov 30, 2011 9:43 AM CST
I agree
Member: Tennessee Native Plant Society and The Gesneriad Society
March to the beat of your own drum // "We kids feared many things in those days - werewolves, dentists, North Koreans, Sunday School - but they all paled in comparison with Brussels sprouts." ~~Dave Barry
Name: Sheila F
Fort Worth TX (Zone 8a)
Charter ATP Member Tip Photographer Garden Ideas: Level 2 I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database! Region: Texas Butterflies
Garden Art Ponds Dog Lover Hummingbirder Birds The WITWIT Badge
Sheila_FW
Nov 30, 2011 9:48 AM CST
To avoid confusion, we may need to think short and sweet list such as these, and not get too extensive. This is from http://www.monarchwatch.org

http://www.monarchwatch.org/garden/bfly.htm by butterfly
http://www.monarchwatch.org/garden/plant.htm by plant
Name: Linda
Medina Co., TX (Zone 8a)
Charter ATP Member Salvias Herbs Bluebonnets Native Plants and Wildflowers Lover of wildlife (Raccoon badge)
Forum moderator Purslane Hummingbirder Cat Lover Butterflies Birds
Image
LindaTX8
Nov 30, 2011 11:14 AM CST
That's a very limited list, but I guess many such lists are. I was looking for the American Lady and didn't see it mentioned. Since ALs were the only butterfly cats I successfully raised this fall, it came to mind. Thank goodness for Sweet Everlasting...I'm so lucky to have it.
I would feel more optimistic about a bright future for man if he spent less time proving that he can outwit Nature and more time tasting her sweetness and respecting her seniority.
E. B. White
Name: Sheryl
Hot, hot, hot, Feenix, AZ (Zone 9b)
Charter ATP Member Region: Southwest Gardening Keeps Horses Dog Lover Cat Lover Permaculture
Butterflies Birds Cottage Gardener Forum moderator Herbs I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database!
Image
sheryl
Nov 30, 2011 8:47 PM CST

Moderator

I'm not sure by what criterion we would pick those to include or exclude -?
In the end, only kindness matters.

Science is not the answer, it is the question.


Name: Tee
TN (Zone 7a)
Crazy cat woman
Cat Lover Lover of wildlife (Raccoon badge) Butterflies Birds Dragonflies Hummingbirder
Bee Lover Frogs and Toads Garden Ideas: Master Level I helped plan and beta test the plant database. I helped beta test the Garden Planting Calendar I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database!
Image
SongofJoy
Dec 1, 2011 2:44 AM CST
I think we're including all butterflies, aren't we? LIsting the names and then the nectar and host sources? I know for American Ladies that includes Everlastings, Pussytoes and Cudweeds. If I'm wrong, Sheila, jump in here and correct me.
Member: Tennessee Native Plant Society and The Gesneriad Society
March to the beat of your own drum // "We kids feared many things in those days - werewolves, dentists, North Koreans, Sunday School - but they all paled in comparison with Brussels sprouts." ~~Dave Barry
Name: Sheila F
Fort Worth TX (Zone 8a)
Charter ATP Member Tip Photographer Garden Ideas: Level 2 I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database! Region: Texas Butterflies
Garden Art Ponds Dog Lover Hummingbirder Birds The WITWIT Badge
Sheila_FW
Dec 1, 2011 3:21 AM CST
Yes, we should try to list all of the plants commonly used by the bf.

In looking back at the great work that is coming together at the top, and I think the last section (by butterfly) will be the most helpful in my opinion. After all we are wanting to attract butterflies specific to our areas to lay eggs and return. I think that section should be primary and get developed first.
Perhaps even making it the only list for now at least. What do you think..Tee, Sheryl?

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